By Christian Jarrett

The key principles in Psychology defined, with color illustrations, in part a minute. Pavlov's canine, Psychoanalysis, Milgram's Obedience examine, and Beck's Cognitive treatment? certain, you recognize what all of them suggest. that's, you will have definitely heard of them. yet are you aware sufficient approximately those psychology theories to affix a cocktail party debate or dazzle the bar together with your wisdom? 30-Second Psychology takes the head 50 strands of pondering during this interesting box, and explains them to the overall reader in part a minute, utilizing not anything greater than pages, three hundred phrases, and one photo. the interior workings of the human brain will abruptly appear much more enjoyable, and alongside the best way we meet the various luminaries within the box, together with William James, Aaron Beck, and (of path) Sigmund Freud. From Behaviorism to Cognitivism, what greater solution to get a deal with in your internal demons?

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These mechanisms can be pathogenic, however, and are a major cause of mental illness. Alfred Adler and Carl Jung also contributed to psychoanalysis, but parted ways with Freud in the 1910s. Jung disagreed with him about the structure of personality, while Adler emphasized the importance of social factors in development, and believed that people are motivated by self-preservation, the will to power and a drive to affirm their personalities. Both also rejected Freud’s emphasis on sexuality. 3-SECOND PSYCHE Unconscious motivating forces play a central role in shaping our behaviour, but are also the primary cause of mental illness.

RELATED THEORIES PIAGET’S STAGES KOHLBERG’S MORAL STAGES 3-SECOND BIOGRAPHY ALFRED ADLER 1870–1937 30-SECOND TEXT Moheb Costandi If you’re the first born, you get your parents’ undivided attention – but remember, they’ve never done this before! JEAN PIAGET According to Jean Piaget, children start thinking like an adult between the ages of 11 and 15. No surprise then that the start of his own adult consciousness can be traced back to events that happened when he was around that age. Aged 10 or 11 (he was precocious), the young Piaget wrote a one-page article about an albino pigeon he had spotted in his home town of Neuchâtel in Switzerland.

Research in positive psychology has uncovered tentative evidence that people’s characters can be strengthened by adverse experiences, such as surviving a disaster or living with an illness. In the realm of work, productivity has been shown to rise when managers focus on their employees’ strengths; in the context of therapy, researchers have found that it helps if therapists spend time considering their clients’ strengths, not just their problems. 3-SECOND PSYCHE Psychology should spend less time focusing on people’s mental distress and more time understanding and nurturing their strengths and virtues.

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