By National Research Council

Now greater than ever, biology has the aptitude to give a contribution sensible suggestions to a few of the significant demanding situations confronting the USA and the realm. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that is dependent upon larger integration inside of biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover suggestions to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable meals creation, environment recovery, optimized biofuel creation, and development in human health and wellbeing. The process demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, deepest, and educational sectors to aid meet demanding situations and increase the go back on existence technological know-how examine ordinarily.

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A genome sequence provides both a list of parts and a resource for plant breeding methods, but does not give the information needed to understand how each gene contributes to the formation and behavior of individual plant cells, how the cells collaborate and communicate to form tissues (such as the vascular system or the epidermis), and how the tissues function together to form the entire plant. There is simply a lack of fundamental information—we have the parts list for some plants, but not the assembly instructions, so we don’t yet have a useful assembly manual.

The New Biology Initiative proposed in this report would provide the resources to attract the best minds from across the scientific landscape to the problem, ensure that innovations and advances are swiftly communicated, and provide the tools and technologies needed to succeed. 2). A New Biology Approach to the Health Challenge: Understanding Individual Health The New Biology approach to the environmental challenge aims to make it possible to monitor ecosystem function and restore that function when it is compromised.

How can that biomass be converted to fuel? What enzymes and metabolic pathways have evolved in microbes that could be adapted for biomass conversion? How can the fermentation process be optimized to produce the most fuel at lowest cost? Work in all of these areas is underway in laboratories and companies, but the New Biology approach can tackle this challenge in a comprehensive way, bringing together expertise from many different scientific communities, federal agencies, and the private sector to generate the advances in fundamental knowledge and translational and developmental research needed to provide innovative solutions.

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