By Anthony Kenny

Sir Anthony Kenny right here maintains his attention-grabbing account of the historical past of philosophy, concentrating on the thousand-year-long medieval interval. this can be the second one quantity of a four-book set during which Kenny will spread a magisterial new background of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author heritage of philosophy to seem in decades.

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Extra info for A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy

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His generals conquered 6 Sadly, very little is known of Hypatia. Charles Kingsley made the most of what there is in his novel Hypatia (1853). 25 PHILOSOPHY AND FAITH large portions of the former Western Empire and united them for a while under the rule of Constantinople. His jurists collected and rationalized into a single code all the extant imperial edicts and statutes, and appended a digest of legal commentaries. The Code of Civil Law that was handed down in the course of his reign inXuenced most European countries until modern times.

Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), 57. 16 His own Metaphysics is much more than a commentary on Aristotle; it is a thoroughly thought-out original system. The book, in ten treatises, falls into two parts: the Wrst Wve books treat of ontology, the science of being in general; the remaining books are devoted principally to natural theology. In the early books Avicenna deals with the notions of substance, matter and form, potentiality and actuality, and the problem of universals.

40). Philoponus, too, suVered under Justinian, but for diVerent reasons. While Simplicius was a pagan philosopher based in Athens, Philoponus was a Christian philosopher based in Alexandria. While Simplicius was the most ardent admirer of Aristotle in antiquity, Philoponus was his severest critic. Whereas previous philosophers had either ignored Aristotle (like the Epicureans and Stoics) or interpreted him irenically (like the Neoplatonists), Philoponus knew him very well and attacked him head-on.

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