By David Grummitt
The Wars of the Roses (c. 1450-85) are popular as an infamously savage and tangled slice of English heritage. A bloody thirty-year fight among the dynastic homes of Lancaster and York, they embraced localized vendetta (such because the sour northern feud among the Percies and Nevilles) in addition to the formal conflict of royalist and insurgent armies at St Albans, Ludford Bridge, Mortimer's move, Towton, Tewkesbury and eventually Bosworth, while the usurping Yorkist king Richard used to be beaten through Henry Tudor. robust personalities dominate the interval: the charismatic and enigmatic Richard III, immortalized through Shakespeare; the slippery Warwick, "the kingmaker," who ultimately over-reached ambition to be lower on the conflict of Barnet; and guileful girls like Elizabeth Woodville and Margaret of Anjou, who for a time governed the dominion in her husband's stead. David Grummitt locations the violent occasions of this advanced time within the wider context of fifteenth-century kingship and the advance of English political tradition. by no means wasting sight of the annoying impression of warfare at the lives of these who both fought in or have been touched through conflict, this appealing new historical past will make compelling examining for college students of the past due medieval interval and Tudor England, in addition to for common readers.
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Extra resources for A short history of the Wars of the Roses
9 April: Warwick and Clarence flee to France where Warwick is reconciled with Margaret of Anjou and agrees to restore Henry VI to the throne. 13 September: Warwick invades England, Edward flees to the Low Countries, and Henry VI’s Readeption begins on 6 October. 14 March: Edward IV returns to England. 14 April: Warwick defeated and killed by Edward IV at the Battle of Barnet. 4 May: Lancastrian forces defeated at the Battle of Tewkesbury. Death of Henry of Lancaster, Henry VI’s son, and of Henry VI himself on 21 May.
1 The importance of 1399 was a central feature in Tudor accounts of the civil wars, yet modern scholarship has, in the main, offered more short-term explanations for the outbreak of open conflict. Nevertheless, we do not have to accept the notion of divine judgement to afford 1399 a critical significance in explaining the Wars. The circumstances in which the House of Lancaster took the throne, the nature of their royal power and the constraints upon it, and the ways in which they sought to confirm their legitimacy dominated the Lancastrian polity in the first half of the fifteenth century and provided the essential preconditions for the outbreak of war in 1455.
1476 Lo rd o f A b e rg a v e n n y d. 1457 BP o f D u rh a m J o a n B e a u fo rt h a lf-sis. o f H E N R Y IV R o b e rt N e v ille R alp h N eville d . 1425 Earl o f W e s tm o re la n d A n n e N e v ille d. 1480 W a lte r B lo u n t E le a n o r N e v ille = T h o m a s S ta n le y d. 15 03 L o rd S ta n le y R ich a rd d . 14 14 60