By Rosemary Horrox, W. Mark Ormrod
What was once existence rather like in England within the later center a long time? This accomplished advent explores the entire breadth of English existence and society within the interval 1200-1500. beginning with a survey of historiographical and demographic debates, the e-book then explores the important topics of later medieval society, together with the social hierarchy, existence in cities and the nation-state, non secular trust, and types of person and collective id. Clustered round those issues a chain of authoritative essays increase our figuring out of different vital social and cultural positive aspects of the interval, together with the event of warfare, paintings, legislation and order, early life and previous age, ritual, commute and delivery, and the improvement of writing and studying. Written in an obtainable and fascinating demeanour through a world workforce of best students, this booklet is critical either as an advent for college kids and as a source for experts.
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Additional resources for A Social History of England, 1200-1500
Traditionally, historians have emphasised the centrality of subsistence grain production to medieval agriculture. With the economy geared to meeting the consumption needs of peasants and feudal households, the result was said to have been a relative uniformity across England in the types of grain and animals produced, a uniformity altered primarily by ‘natural’ factors such as soil, climate and topography. Of course, writers such as Postan were aware of the ways in which population growth could lead to a growing commercialisation of the economy with the emergence of markets for land, labour and food.
Rival schools of thought thus sought to identify other candidates for the role of prime mover of late medieval economic and social development. In particular, the Marxist stress on class and class conflict was developed by Brenner into an alternative account of the underlying dynamic of social and economic change, one that is as comprehensive and as stimulating as the Malthusian approach which it sought to replace. Brenner offers two main criticisms of the demographic model. The first is that the Malthusian account is based on an inherent tendency of population growth to outstrip resources.
Vavasour was a term current in thirteenth-century England to denote a substantial landowner within the counties. Its use by Bracton partly reflects this author’s orientation towards service to the king, for some of these men were employed intermittently on judicial and other royal commissions. There was certainly a perception that this should be so. But Bracton was expressing theory more than reality, for in practice the king called upon whomever he chose. In 1258 the Provisions of Oxford demanded of the king that sheriffs should be vavasours of the counties they administered, rather than courtiers or professional administrators.